The former prison of Konnunsuo is a home to hundreds of asylum seekers. The reception centre of Joutseno is placed in the facilities of an old prison, originally built in the early 1920s. The people living there spend their time waiting waiting to be given a decision on their asylum application, waiting to be deported back to their country, waiting to be deported back to another country of the European Union. Days go on one after another and the asylum application period seems almost like a never-ending process.
The Joutseno Reception Centre, built in the old Konnunsuo Prison, is home to hundreds of asylum seekers. The people living there spend their time waiting to be given a decision on their asylum application, waiting to be deported back to their country, waiting to be deported back to another country of the European Union. Photographing Joutseno, I wanted to portray the thick atmosphere of anticipation, of time spent waiting in an in-between-like place, a sort of purgatory. Long, restless days follow each other tediously, and the asylum application period seems like a never-ending process.
There is also a small wing that was later on transformed into an aliens’ detention centre. This small centre hosts around 10-30 aliens [sic], awaiting deportation to either a third country of the European Union (these people would be referred to in EU jargon as “Dublin cases” as per the Dublin Convention), or back to their countries of origin. Controversially, the Detention Centre was originally planned to host families and children, contrary to that which human rights’ groups and the Committee for the Prevention of Torture have petitioned. Groups such as Amnesty International, amongst many others, have consistently campaigned against the detainment especially of minors and people in more vulnerable status for immigration purposes.
In fact, in their annual report CPT stated that any kind of detention on the grounds of immigration issues should not exceed 96 hours, concluding that anything above that usually results in severe mental health issues. This is the case especially amongst torture victims and others who already face problems concerning mental health. I believe that detention on immigration grounds is a very questionable procedure altogether. The tricky part of it that one never knows how long they will be detained; some end up staying just days, others wait for several months.
Finland, receiving maybe the highest number of migrants in its history in 2015, is facing a new kind of challenge, similar to other countries of the European Union. Due to its northern geographic position it has never had to deal with issues concerning a vastly increasing amount of asylum seekers at once (as opposed to countries in Southern Europe such as Greece, Italy and Malta, who have been left mostly alone in dealing with immigration issues, despite very weak institutional backup and increasing financial crises). Unaccustomed to this level of immigration, there was a big public debate about what to do about the challenge. Some politicians were even talking about re-evaluating the principles of the Schengen Agreement, that is, the freedom of movement within the European Union.
As the amounts of incoming asylum seekers grows higher, so grows the need for more housing. New reception centres were opened in various places such as old factory buildings, closed schools and hospitals. In Joutseno, it was decided to extend the facility’s capacity in order to host more asylum seekers. The Finnish Red Cross offered its assistance and built about six tents, each of which could host about 20 or so people.
During our visit I went to see these tents and met some of the people staying in them. It’s not so bad, I thought to myself, having experienced a humanitarian crisis in Greece during my time there in 2010 and yes, I had seen a lot worse. I have seen entire families living in parks, detention centres being packed with double or triple their capacities and have witnessed an unspeakable amount of human suffering and homelessness.
In Joutseno these are mostly young men, sharing these big tents together, each having a bed to sleep on and the heating was working well. The asylum seekers are offered warm meals every day and they can go grocery shopping in case they rather cook their own food. There are classes of Finnish language offered too, so what seems to be the problem here?
Pro forma, there are no severe problems. The Finnish authorities seem to be dealing with these issues rather professionally, ensuring that people get equal treatment no matter where they came from. But from an outsider’s point of view I see a big problem in the whole asylum process in Finland.
First of all it is a fact of human nature that people want to work – and they want to learn the local language – so they can function in the society. So why are we closing people in to a centre 20 kilometres from the nearest town, with no connection to the local population for months, if not years, without proper work? The prison of Konnunsuo was originally built as far away from residential ares as possible, as it was a prison. Now the people who stay there are in a completely opposite situation – they would want to integrate in the society, and would probably like to meet Finnish people in order to practice the language and maybe go to a work place for an internship to get an idea of how working life looks in the northern hemisphere.
However, due to Finnish policy, asylum seekers are not allowed to work for the first year or so. (I’m sure there are well-founded reasons for that, mostly to combat grey economy, it seems). But isn’t it a little counterproductive to first make people wait for months or even years for their decision, and then if they are admitted asylum put them through the integration process? Wouldn’t it be more sensible to let people interact with locals and have access to employment, where they would learn at least some Finnish and also feel that they are a useful part of the society?